As an added resource (for my sister and for anyone with an English Language Arts class), I’m going to take my Lesson Plans for High School English Teachers post and try to organize the short story ideas into something a little more resembling a curriculum. For a full list of resources for each short story listed below, see that post.
Ongoing Grammar & Vocabulary work: Holt Handbook for Grammar is an entire textbook of grammar lessons, exercises, and tests. // Holt Vocabulary Workbook with lessons on prefixes, roots, and making new words.
Teaching Literary Devices through Short Stories
All Summer in a Day, Ray Bradbury — lesson focusing on theme
The Open Boat — guided reading lesson with an emphasis on Theme
The Necklace, Guy du Maupassant — a classic example of teaching theme
Thank You Ma’am, Langston Hughes — journal response: had she turned the boy in and gotten him arrested, how would that have changed the theme of the story?
Minireads on Theme — Pages 49 – 54 of this pdf have two single-page minireads and worksheets related to figuring out theme, or “the big idea.”